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You can propagate an orchid plant from the stem cutting you were gifted to grow several orchids with the same characteristics as the mother plant. Here are the steps!

1. Cut a stem on your orchid at least 12 inches long near the base using pruning shears or a sharp knife. Divide the stem into several 3- to 4-inch sections, making sure each segment has a dormant bud.

2. Line a shallow tray with sphagnum moss, and mist the moss until it is thoroughly damp. Place the cuttings in the tray. Cover the tray with polyurethane plastic wrap and place in a location that's at least 60 degrees Fahrenheit and out of direct sunlight.

3. Fill one 3- to 4-inch pot per orchid plantlet with fir bark potting mix to within an inch of the top of the container. Once the orchid stem segments have sprouted small plantlets from the buds, place one in each container, covering the remaining stem segment and roots with potting mix.

4. Line a tray with smooth, flat stones and add enough water to nearly cover the stones. Place the orchid pot on top of the stones to keep the air around the orchid humid. Keep your new orchids in an area that receives bright, indirect light, and mist them daily. Dendrobium orchids prefer temperatures between 55 and 80 degrees Fahrenheit depending on the species, and a minimum night temperature of 50 degrees for maximum flowering.

5. Water your new orchids until water leaks from the bottom drainage holes once per week and fertilize every three weeks with a liquid orchid fertilizer from spring to mid-fall. Alternately, dip the bottom of the container in a bucket of water, allowing it to soak through the drainage holes.

Things You Will Need

  • Pruning shears or knife
  • Tray
  • Sphagnum moss
  • Spray bottle
  • Polyurethane plastic wrap
  • 3- to 4-inch containers
  • Fir bark potting mix
  • Plant tray
  • Stones
  • Orchid fertilizer


Tip: Limit watering by allowing the potting mix surface to dry out between waterings, stop fertilizing and move your orchid to a cooler location in the winter to promote blooming the following spring.


Warning: Orchid roots rot easily if the potting mix is kept too wet.


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